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Fig Nutrition and Health Benefits


Fig (Ficus carica) belongs to Angiospermic Moraceae family and grown in tropical and subtropical areas.

Fresh fig fruit has low calories but high minerals and vitamins content whereas dried fruit contain high calories.

Similarly, it contains a significant amount of fibres, minerals (potassium, magnesium, calcium, copper and iron and vitamins (vitamins A, Vitamin B6 and K).

Generally, All parts of the fig plant have significance with respect to its certain pharmacological and medical purposes.

Furthermore, fig leaves phyto-chemical analysis shows that they are enriched in furanocoumarins, principally psoralen and daidzein, phenols, coumarins, steroids and flavonoids. In conclusion, boiled fig leaves steam is used for the pile.

General Benefits

Leaves also used for the treatment of insect sting. Its leaves are also effective for diabetic patients.

Consumption of leaves reduces hyperglycemia. Its milky white secretion, latex contain hydrolytic enzyme of protein; ficin. used as medicine for digestion problems and also to get rid of intestinal worms.

Generally, It is also used to boost up or abolish the activity of an antibody’s reaction. Mostly it is used as an anthelmintic and protein digestive agent.

Its leaves and latex exhibit antitumor activity against human colon, breast, cervical and liver cancer. Dried fruit is also effective against asthma.

Generally, Fig fruit is purple color, hollow fleshy and having a unique sweet taste with a crunchy soft texture. In conclusion, used as a sweetener.

Thus it reduces the risk of osteoporosis, Fibers help to maintain healthy gastrointestinal tract.

In other words, potassium helps to minimize high blood pressure and lowers risk of heart attack.

Similarly, copper is involved in certain vital body process including metabolism, production of blood cells, connective tissues, and neurotransmitters.

Most importantly, vitamin B6 is essential for catabolism of dietary protein and synthesis of new proteins. It is also responsible for brain health.

Overnight soaked fig fruit along with fenugreek seeds and honey gives relief from an asthma attack.

Dried fruit contains soluble fibre pectin, well-known for reducing cholesterol.

It also has omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids that reduce natural cholesterol synthesis. Fig fruit is also effective in treating allergic dermatitis.

1. Enhance Digestive Health

Fig is a miracle plant which relieves constipation and enhances the overall digestive health.

Overnight soaked 2-3 figs fruit and consume along with honey gives relief from constipation.

Figs are well loaded with significant amount of fibre that plays a significant role for a healthy bowel movement and relieves constipation.

It improves digestive health
It improves digestive health (Source Pixabay)

2. Improve Heart Health

Fig fruit contains soluble fibre and pectin that reduce the level of triglycerides in your blood and are well-known for reducing cholesterol.  

Similarly, it also contains an antioxidant that helps the body to fight against free radicals and avoids the risk of coronary heart disease.

In addition, Fig is also a rich source of omega-3- and omega-6 fatty acids that reduce the risk of heart diseases.

Improve Heart Health
Improve Heart Health (Source Pixabay)

3. Lower Cholesterol

Fig contain pectin, a soluble fibre that are well-known for reducing cholesterol.

It is also a rich source of vitamins B6 which is responsible for the production of serotonin.

This serotonin is a happy hormone which boosts your mood as well as lowers cholesterol.  

Dry Fig fruits are a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids, omega-6 fatty acids and phytochemicals that reduce the level of natural cholesterol synthesis in the body.

4. Cure Anemia

Fig contains a significant amount of iron which is a key component of haemoglobin. Lack of iron in the body can cause iron deficiency Anemia.

Generally, consumption of figs proved the best source to increase haemoglobin in the blood.

Pregnant women, growing child and adolescent should be a monitor for iron levels in the body to avoids complications.  

It Cures Anemia
It Cures Anemia (Source Pixabay)

5. Lowers Sugar Levels in Diabetic Patients

Figleaves have amazing properties that help to regulate blood sugar by managing insulin.

You can use fig as powder, tea, leaves and fruits to regulate glucose level in the blood.

Most effective against diabetic patients
Most effective against diabetic patients (Source Pixabay)

6. Strengthen Bones

Fig contains a significant amount of minerals including calcium, potassium, magnesium, copper and iron which aid bone health.

Fig must be included in daily diet, because that improves bones density and reduces the breakdown of bones

It Strengthen Bones
It Strengthen Bones (Source Pixabay)

7. Regulate Blood Pressure

Fig contains a soluble fibre that lowers the risk of high blood pressure and previous studies shown that figs in your daily diet help to reduce blood pressure.

Moreover, the potassium present in fig also helps for the maintenance of blood pressure and omega-3 fatty acids and omega-6 fatty acids also help in maintaining blood pressure.

Fig Improves blood pressure
Fig Improves blood pressure (Source Pixabay)

8. Treat Asthma

Dried fruit is effective against asthma and overnight soaked fig fruit along with fenugreek seeds and honey gives relief from an asthma attack.

Fig have potential to treat Asthma
Fig have potential to treat AsthmaFig have potential to treat Asthma (Source Pixabay)

9. Treat to Reduce Throat Pain

Fig contain a significant quantity of mucilage that provide protection against sore throat.

Therefore, their natural juices provide freshness as well as helps to relieve pain and stress.

Fig have potential to treat Asthma
Fig relieves throat pain (Source Pixabay)


Fig is a super food and wonderful source of vital nutrients which provides various health benefits

Fig is a miracle plant which enhances digestive health, improves heart health, lower cholesterol, cure anaemia, lower sugar levels in diabetic patients, strengthens bones, regulates blood pressure, treats asthma, treats to reduce throat pain.

Written By Hina Ilyas (M. Phil Zoology)



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