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Nutraceutical Properties of Peaches: A Delicious Summer Fruit

Peaches

Peaches are an edible juicy deciduous fruit with several distinct attributes.

Fruits are considered as one of the major sources of proteins, vitamins, minerals and carbohydrates.

Fruit is defined as ‘’a fleshy structure which is seed associated and edible in raw condition which may be sweet or sour’’.

Some of the fruits include apples, peaches, grapes, melons, pineapples etc.

Peaches are an edible juicy deciduous fruit with several distinct attributes.

Its scientific name is Prunus Persica that originated from northwest china.

Nectarian are also considered as some of the peaches, but they lack fruit skin trichomes.

Nutraceutical is a combination of two words ‘’ nutrition’’ and ‘’pharmaceutical’’.

Nutritional Benefits of Peaches

Peaches are loaded with nutrients and play a vital role in proper functioning of the body.

They are the rich source of vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, Vitamin B1, B2, B3, calcium, phosphorus, iron and folate.

1. Enriched with Nutrients

Peaches are loaded with micronutrients and macro-nutrients.

They are enrich with many beneficial compounds of the plant and also act as an antioxidant.

They protect against oxidative damage and protects the body against diseases and aging.

The number of vitamins and minerals is same in both fresh and canned peaches. A medium sized peach contains 58 calories.

2. Helps in Digestion

Peaches helps greatly in digestion. They contain fiber which aid in smooth digestion.

It also reduces the risk of constipation and gut disorders.

SCFA (short chain fatty acids) which are produce by beneficial bacteria helps in reduction of inflammation and also in the improvement of digestive diseases.

3. A Source of Iron

Peaches provide iron although in small amounts but when consumed mixed with other foods like spinach, raisins etc. can help to reduce anemia deficiency.

A cup of iron contains 0.42miligram of iron.

Supplementation of Vitamin A, Vitamin C and Potassium

Peaches provide vitamin A which helps in vision (eye’s health), and also boost out immune system.

Potassium balances the fluids in our body. Vitamin C helps in the proper working of cells.

A large sized peach has 19% of vitamin C.

Pharmaceutical Benefits of Peach

Peach is also very beneficial in terms of medicinal purposes.

It acts as an anti-oxidant and has an anti-aging properties. It also lowers the LDL cholesterol level.

1. Aid in Diabetes Management

Due to having high fiber content, peaches significantly reduce blood sugar levels which helps in the prevention of type I diabetes.

Their glycemic index is also very low ranging from 26 to 55.

2. Improves Eyesight and Skin Health

Peaches provide beta carotenes which plays a vital role in the maintenance of healthy eyes.

Retina of eye is protected by lutein, the carotenoids and zeaxanthin are antioxidants that protects eye against injury and foreign particles.

They also provide vitamin C which blemishes the skin and provide protection against infections.

It also protect skin against UV radiations.

They are also used in the manufacturing of many kind of skins care product and beauty creams.

3. Improves Brain Cells and Healthy Nervous System

Peaches are rich in magnesium which helps in the prevention of anxiety and stress and also helps to calm the nervous system.

Magnesium proves to be very effective in maintaining healthy nervous system as it aids in recovering from depression.

Consumption of peaches also proves effective on central cholinergic system which prevents degeneration and many diseases like Alzheimer’s diseases.

In addition, peaches also perform many functions like;

  • They detoxify the body.
  • They improve cellular health.
  • It also helps to boost immunity.
  • Peaches helps in anti-aging and also combat obesity.
  • It improves health of teeth and bones.
  • Their leaves are use as medicinal herb in cough and abdominal disorders.

Conclusion

Peaches are beneficial in both aspects, in nutrition as well as in pharmaceutical manner.

They provide a number of advantages as they also have anticancer agents in addition of vitamins, fiber, proteins, minerals and carbohydrates.

They also have some disadvantages which includes, allergic reactions and their seed contains cyanide.

However, they have more advantages than disadvantages.

Finally, I would like to say that ‘’Eat fruits so that you should not have to take medicine’’.

Written by: Tehmina Haider, BSc (Hons) Agriculture (Food technology), Institute of Food and Nutritional Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi.

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